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The Activities According to the Months for Walnut Sapling Cultivation

Blue-Certificated Walnut Sapling

The blue-certificated walnut sapling and yellow-certificated walnut sapling subjects, which the persons who have started walnut sapling production are mostly concerned about, are the ones which should be taken into consideration.

What Is The Difference Between the Yellow Certificate and Blue Certificate?

The breeding rootstock parcel is not necessary for the areas which the yellow certificated walnut saplings shall be planted. However, if the blue certificated walnut saplings shall be planted, breeding rootstock parcel becomes necessary and diseases should be given to these saplings through special grafts inspected and obtained by the universities. Therefore, the certificates vary depending on the structure stipulating the characteristics of the land, on which the production to be made. Besides, in respect of state promotions, the blue certificated walnut saplings are supported up to 350 TL. This amount is limited with 150 TL. for yellow certificated walnut saplings.

Of course, the walnuts which are produced by using blue certificated walnut saplings shall be more quality, and the walnut kernels obtained from these walnuts shall be sold with higher prices.

Why Is The Breeding Rootstock Parcel Important for Blue Certificate?

The blue certificated saplings, which are named as parcel No. 3 in the certification system and which has an official certification system are taken as free of diseases, and it is stipulated that the production areas to not to be more than a certain number.

In this respect, the certificate system, which is an important detail, should be analyzed in detail taking the fruitfulness of the crop to be produced and characteristics of the land into consideration. A particular capacity report is issued for the breeding rootstock parcel, and maximum tree amount, which may be cloned, is determined.

Our company – Güven Nursery –, which is among the firms selling blue certificated walnut saplings, has the blue certificated breeding rootstock parcel, which is limited among the walnut sapling producers within our region, continues to sell blue-certificated Chandler walnut saplings. The blue certificated walnut saplings may be planted everywhere the West provinces such as Bursa, Denizli as well as the east regions including such as Ağrı, Kars, Iğdır.

THE GRAFTED SAPLINGS WITHIN OUR NO. 3 BREEDING ROOTSTOCK PARCEL

Please immediately contact us if you want to order blue-certificated walnut saplings, which offers high state-grant support in an amount of 280 TL per decare by our state, or to take information.

Walnut Sapling Cultivation Calendar

The following care program is intended for recommendation only, the fertilization must be made according to the soil analysis results and irrigation must be made according to the ecological conditions. You can contact us for detailed information.

The Activities According to the Months for Walnut Sapling Cultivation

JANUARY: The plant is in resting situation. Well-burned animal manure is spread surrounding and mixed with the soil.

FEBRUARY: The plant is in sleeping situation. Well-burned animal manure is spread surrounding and mixed with the soil. The slips are taken on the days without frost, and stored in a cool place. Cleft graft is made.

MARCH: The plants prepares to awake. Bordo slurry is spread. Cleft grafting is started on the plant. It is time for plant budding. The budded locations are closed with grafting paste.

APRIL: The plant accelerates the root works. It starts to awake. Grafting is continued, chemical fertilization is made according to the soil analysis. It is time for plant budding. The budded locations are closed with grafting paste. Irrigation starts.

MAY: Irrigation continues, weeding continues in the greenhouses. The grafts are unlaced.

JUNE: Irrigation is continued, eye cutting starts, if there is fertilization program, fertilization is continued.

JULY: Irrigation is continued, eye cutting is made.

AUGUST: Irrigation is continued, stable patch budding starts. The chemical fertilizers are not used, unless necessary.

SEPTEMBER: Irrigation program ends, stable patch budding is continued. The walnut fruits which start to crack, are began to be harvested. Stable and patch budding continues.

OCTOBER: Harvesting continues with shaking and collecting method.

NOVEMBER: The plant starts to enter into the sleeping period, the deciduous leaves are collected and burned out of the nursery.

DECEMBER: It is the sleeping period of the plant, walnut budding is made in places which the winter is not harsh, the budded locations are closed with water stop or grafting paste. Animal manure may be spread.

How Is The Sapling Planting Made?

When a nursery is established with vaccinated walnut saplings, the trees yield fruits in 1-3 years depending on the variety. Planting ranges should be left wide as the walnut sapling generates big petals. Further, the planting ranges should be determined knowing the variety’s characteristics. For instance, shorter distances may be left as the Chandler walnut sapling (American walnut) generates smaller petals than the other walnut sapling varieties. The distances should be adjusted again knowing the soil characteristics. For instance, the walnut saplings may be planted with shorter distances in locations which are more poor, not rich in respect of nutrition substances, having limited irrigation opportunities; and with longer distances in locations which are deep, humic, ventilated, and sufficient irrigation can be made.

Although the planting distances vary according to the natural conditions and care conditions, the most ideal planting ranges are 10 x 10 m, 8 x 8 m, 8×4 m, 7×7 m. per variety for the walnut saplings.

NUMBER OF SAPLINGS ACCORDING TO THE PLANTING RANGES

  • Planting range of 7×3,5 m = 40 walnut saplings are planted per 1 decare
  • Planting range of 8×4 m = 30 walnut saplings are planted per 1 decare
  • Planting range of 7×7 m = 20 walnut saplings are planted per 1 decare
  • Planting range of 10×7 m = 20 walnut saplings are planted per 1 decare
  • Planting range of 8×8 m = 15 walnut saplings are planted per 1 decare
  • Planting range of 9×9 m = 12 walnut saplings are planted per 1 decare
  • Planting range of 10×10 m = 10 walnut saplings are planted per 1 decare

The planting of open-rooted walnut saplings are performed in the winter resting period. Thus, it starts from autumn, and continues until early spring. It is more appropriate to plant the saplings after the leaves are fallen for the open-rooted ones. Bagged / tubed walnut saplings can be planted in twelve months of the year. Walnut sapling holes should be opened with an average width of 60 cm and depth of 60 cm. while the holes for sapling planting are opened, the excavated soil is filled in the sapling holes either solely or mixed with burned animal manures of small or big cattle. In addition, the walnut saplings may be placed after placing composed fertilizer in an amount of 100-150 g. at the bottom of the planting holes and pouring some soil as not to come into contact with the sapling root, providing that to be careful. Before planting, root pruning is performed on the open-rooted walnut saplings. The thick roots are reformed by the root pruning. Hairy roots are not reduced.

Plenty of sap should be given enough for not leaving air inside the soil after walnut sapling planting. If the planting is made in autumn, the tops of the saplings are cut from 40-50 cm, before the eyes start to come up. During planting, the grafting point of the grafted walnut sapling must be 5-10 cm above the soil. In windy regions, the walnut sapling is fastened to stake after planting.